Juxtaposing Automations: the Difference between RPA, Intelligent Automation, and Hyperautomation
For instance, 80% of financial teams admit that they still need to use 3 or more disparate systems to obtain the required result and spend a lot of time on manual data cleansing. The same holds true for other teams and industries — from ecommerce and healthcare to telecom and insurance.
Some companies ended up with a much larger portfolio of standard operating procedures as a result of adopting new digital solutions without reengineering their business processes first. Soundly, there is a viable trifecta of solutions for addressing the process scope creep — RPA, intelligent automation (IA), and hyperautomation.
RPA vs. Intelligent Automation vs. Hyperautomation: Concepts Defined
Robotic process automation (RPA) is the lowest level of business process automation. Largely powered by pre-programmed scripts and APIs, RPA tools can perform repetitive manipulations or process structured data inputs. For example, extract data from forms, copy files, or validate inputs. However, even the most basic RPA solutions can save teams a tremendous amount of time and effort. For instance, automating three business processes with the help of RPA led to a 63% reduction in working hours for one bank.
Intelligent automation (IA) is a step-up from rules-based RPA software. Powered by machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI), intelligent automation technology can handle a wider array of tasks, requiring baseline analytics and conditioning logic. For example, analyzing the document tags before assigning a proper status to it or reviewing the provided context to pre-suggest the best reply.
IA solutions still rely on baseline automation, courtesy of RPA. However, such tools have extra “intelligence”, supplied by machine learning and deep learning. Therefore, they are capable of handling more complex cognitive tasks and even end-to-end workflow execution. Respectively, the efficiency and productivity gains of using IA solutions are much higher. For instance, one bank relied on smart automation to streamline corporate credit assessments, which led to an 80% improvement in staff productivity.
Hyperautomation, in turn, is the pinnacle of intelligent automation, which leaders are now aiming for. The RPA technology still remains at the center of such solutions, but it is further augmented by a wider range of AI capabilities — such as intelligent document processing (IDP), optical character recognition (OCR), and natural language processing (NLP), as well as adjacent solutions such as low-code/no-code platforms, event-driven software architecture, and intelligent business process management suites (iBPMS) among others. Thanks to a wider range of technical capabilities, hyperautomation tools can be deployed for semi- (or fully) autonomous end-to-end process execution across systems.
Benefits of Hyperautomation vs. Intelligent Automation vs. RPA
Main use case
Cognitive automation of multi-step tasks and standard operational workflows.
Cognitive automation of multi-step tasks and standard operational workflows.
Scripted automation of simple, repetitive, tasks, requiring data and/or UI manipulations.
AI/ML use cases including OCR, ICR, NLP
Intelligent business process management suites (iBPMS)
Other types of task automation tools
Event-driven software architecture
Integration platform as a service (iPaaS)
Low-code/no-code toolsPackaged software
Robotic process automation (RPA)
Workforce performance augmentation cross-processes
Wider scope of supported tasks/use cases
Extra analytical insights
Suitable for customer-facing processes
Higher predictability and quality of task execution
Seamless scalability across other use cases
Rule-based task automation for back-office processes
Improved staff efficiency and productivity
Reduced error rates
High. Requires a certain degree of digital infrastructure maturity, as well as a meticulous cross-system orchestration to deliver the most gain. Longest time-to-market, but highest ROI in the long-term perspective.
Moderate. IA tools require unconstrained access to data, as well as a suitable target environment for deployment. May not be applicable to legacy systems. Slower time to market, but higher ROI.
Low. Most RPA tools are non-invasive and conducive to a wide array of business applications. Fast time-to-market, proven ROI.
Which Automation Technology Can Best Meet Your Current Needs?
When presented with several options, it may be tempting to go after the most advanced technology — hyperautomation — as a means to future-proof your business. Yet, we must caution leaders that hyperautomation software requires high levels of digital infrastructure maturity:
- An established cloud-based data lake
- Robust data pipelines or data fabric
- Automated IT infrastructure configuration, provisioning, and orchestration
Likewise, hyperautomation (similar to IA and RPA) delivers the highest ROI for well-standardized business processes. “If you don’t have a really solid business process, you will be limited to how much you can automate. Because if you’ve got one business process that’s been run 30 or 40 different ways, then it will be impossible to harmonize with other processes,” noted John Barraclough, Senior IT Director: Digital Transformation, Procter & Gamble.
Gartner also warns that by 2024, over 70% of larger enterprises will have to manage over 70 concurrent hyperautomation initiatives which require strategic governance or face significant instability due to the lack of oversight.
That is why we recommend a bottom-up approach to enterprise automation. Start with employing simpler RPA solutions for redundant, error-prone, and repetitive processes. Based on the feedback, prioritize subsequent areas for improvement — more complex workflows, where extra “intelligence” is required for effective execution. Then look into “stitching together” workflows, requiring switching between applications.
Types of Business Processes to Automate with RPA and Intelligent Automation
According to Orange Business, cost reduction and alternative to more expensive IT modernization are the top two reasons for selecting RPA over other options.
The projects of Infopulse clients also suggest that RPA adoption across different functions drives significant gains in productivity, customer experience, and business unit performance. The benefits above are particularly prominent when RPA tools are deployed for the following types of business processes.
- Account reconciliation
- Invoice processing
- Bank statement reconciliation
- Revenue management
- Budget management
- Financial reporting (including P&L)
For example, our client, an Oil & Gas company, managed to save 12 weeks per year for each of the 6 FTE processes automated with the help of RPA.
Commercial and Sales Functions
Order and transaction processingInventory managementShipping information verificationOrder trackingCustomer onboardingCRM, ERP, SAP functionsCustomer query processingVendor relationship management
A construction company managed to significantly improve the speed of customer issue resolution and CSTA with an intelligent automation platform our team created for them.
HR and Payroll Processing
Candidate application trackingEmployment history verificationCandidate screening and evaluationEmployee onboarding/offboardingBenefits managementBusiness expense processingPayroll managementTax compliance
Corporate Data Management
Data extraction, replication, validationMetadata discovery and managementData labelingData cleansingDistribution of log filesAutomatic report/documents generationData entry and verificationData migration status tracking
With the rapid boom of big data, this RPA use case alone can drive significant improvements in productivity, as well as cost containment. That was the case for a Nordic municipality. Infopulse team helped the organization migrate large-sized data records from legacy systems and implement an RPA solution for automating standard data-related workflows.
Help Desk and IT Service Management
Ticket creation and prioritizationUser credential managementIncident managementBusiness application configurationAccess permission configurationPassword resetsNetwork support management
The pressure on ITSM teams has increased dramatically with the widespread adoption of remote work. Greater reliance on cloud-based applications and virtual desktops also multiplied their scope of work. To enhance your ITSM capabilities we recommend looking at comprehensive solutions such as ServiceNow, rather than standalone RPA tools. ServiceNow comes with an array of native digital process automation capabilities, low/no-code tools, as well as the ability to add custom process automation for company-specific workflows.
What It Takes to Adopt RPA, IA, and Hyperautomation
The road to adoption will differ for businesses, depending on the clarity, complexity, and standardization of existing business processes. At the lowest level, we are talking about simple automation of different digital tasks — data entry, records consolidation, or input verification. Such RPA scenarios take the least time to develop and deploy. However, positive business outcomes will also be bound to granular, yet minor improvements in speed, efficiency, and accuracy.
For more complex business process automation scenarios, we recommend following the next framework:
Conduct In-Depth Business Processes Analysis
Rule-based, fully or partially manual, and repetitive processes are the prime contenders for RPA. However, these actions often underpin more complex workflows. Strategize which other elements of the process can be set on automatic execution or performed semi-manually — meaning an RPA assistant can be triggered by a human user for extra support. At the same time, assess the current gaps in workflows, which require switching from one system to another for obtaining data or input. These disparities can be linked together with the help of RPA.
Identify Automation Options
Once you have an initial list of requirements for process automation, assess which type of technology could best fit your needs — simple rule-based automation or AI-enhanced execution. Additionally, consider your current technology portfolio. Many RPA tools are vendor-agnostic. Yet, they may offer pre-made connectors or ready-to-use automation scenarios for some of the business apps your company already uses.
The best RPA and IA platforms we recommend are:
- Microsoft Power Automate
- Azure Logic Apps
- Blue Prism
Develop and Execute an RPA Implementation Roadmap
To justify the investments and prevent operational disruptions, we recommend phasing RPA adoption in three stages:
Baseline RPA automation:Development and deployment of RPA bots, created with standard platform components and connectors for a selected set of business processes. Treat this as a trial stage for assessing the solution’s performance and value. Encourage a selected group of business users to test and give feedback on the solution.Application of IA.Operationalize the collected user insights and make amends to reduce cultural resistance to the new solution. Scale the standard bots across a wider range of business processes and encourage the company-wide usage. Then select a new set of contenders to augment them with AI/ML capabilities.End-to-end system integrations.After analyzing the results of the second automation round, look into interlinking the remaining elements of your business systems. This stage will likely require more intensive data management transformations. Consider upgrading some of the earlier implemented models with extra capabilities such as OCR or NLP to further enhance their performance. Implement system-wide orchestration of all existing automations to further improve performance and security.